Iranian pottery, often known as Gombroon, has a prolonged history beginning from early on Iranian civilization. When farming first started out there, the natives made utensils of clay because of their daily requirements. The first potteries of Iran were very simple and were either dark-colored or red in color. Gradually they started designing these earthen wares with skillfully crafted, lively geometric designs. pottery class san jose
Designing pottery started out in Iran about 4,000 years BC and during the same era the pottery rotating machine was invented there. The potters, applying this new machine, ready piped pots, bowls and jars. There was an increase in the variety of pottery produced as well as the quality. The designs to be engraved were carefully picked and artistically designed. About the second millennium W. C. E, simple china, pitchers, jugs and cisterns were made devoid of any exterior decorations. A lot of had grey, dark blue colored, red and then decorative colors with polished areas. Zoomorphic vessels were the most wonderful creations of the period. These potteries were created for daily use. For religious purposes also the zoomorphic potteries were employed. Until the central of the 1st centuries B. C. E, development of these zoomorphic ships was prominent. Later, this has decreased.
Iranian art in the Medyian empire flourished and a vast variety of them were created in Malayer, Bisotun, Gelan and Cordestan. A single significant innovation of the median era was the coming of glazed ware.
With the establishment of the Achaemenid Dynasty (6th century BCE), the straightforward glazed wares of the Typical era were festooned with incised and molded paintings. New shapes like rhyton were introduced which became popular.
During the Parthian Dynastic period (248 BCE-224), alkaline glazed potteries were introduced. Alkaline glaze was applied to the white body of the products. Pilgrim flasks and large bowls were made throughout this era. Apart from double glazed, the potteries were also decorated with plain incised lines.
Pottery in the Sasanian period (224 to 651 BCE) can be classed as glazed and unglazed wares. In the glazed pottery turquoise renewable and blue were chosen for huge storage containers, pilgrim flasks and dishes. The unglazed wares got thick, everted rims with stamped decorations on their surface. These were even decorated with Pahlavi inscriptions.
In the Post Sasanian period (7th century CE), there was the coming of Islam during which art manufacturing changed over the complete Islamic world.
Archeological studies show that there were four major regions of the Iranian plateau where art was most widely created: –
1. Lurestan which is at the traditional western side of the country i. e. towards the west of Zagros Mountain range.
2. Gilan and Mazandaran provinces which are located at the south of the Caspian Sea.
3. Azarbaijan which is the north west part of Iran.
4. Kerman and Baluchistan which are in the south east part of Iran.
The Iranian potters have always played around with new ideas and types, which has still left them most commonly in advance of other Islamic countries in ottery making.